sherlock’s name (PDF); Ten Facts about Sherlock Holmes; 10 of the Best Sherlock Holmes Stories Everyone Should Read; A Summary and Analysis of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (1859-1930), a very qualified doctor, had an adventurous life and travelled a lot. All his experiences helped him writing the adventures of his famous character, the solitary, misanthrope detective Sherlock Holmes.
Sherlock Holmes was created in 1887. He is a brilliant London-based consulting detective, famous for his intellectual ability in deductive reasoning. The character of Sherlock Holmes was based on Conan Doyle’s friend and mentor, Doctor Joseph Bell, who, interested in crime and known for his deductive ability, assisted the police in solving some cases.
Famous and appreciated all over the world, Sherlock Holmes is a brilliant “consulting detective”, who lives in London. His peculiarities? Astute logical reasoning, ability to take almost any disguise, and use of forensic science skills to solve difficult cases.
He appeared in 1887, with A Study in Scarlet, but it was only the first out of 56 short stories published, from 1880 up to 1907. The character’s popularity grew tremendously with the first series of short stories in Strand Magazine in 1891.
All but four stories are narrated by Holmes’s friend and biographer, Dr. John H. Watson; two are narrated by Holmes himself and two others are written in the third person.
Watson, clever and faithful, friendly and ready to help the others, is a sort of alter-ego of the misogynous, irritable, reserved and solitary detective. This example will be followed by many other detective-story writers: the couple who, with the usual compensation of the opposite, fights the solitary criminals. Other examples include the famous Poirot and Captain Arthur Hastings, Ellery Queen and his father, Nero Wolf and Archie Goodwin.
Only the American private eyes Philip Marlowe and Sam Spade do not belong to these tradition giving origin to the hardboiled genre or noir where solitary men try to re-establish the social order fighting outlaws and criminals with their same methods.
Among his most remarkable and well known stories focusing on the peculiar investigator and his friend Dr. Watson are A Study in Scarlet (1887), The Sign of Four (1890), The Final Problem (1893), The Hound Of Baskervilles (1902) and The Empty House (1903).
Sherlock Holmes short stories are collected in five books. The first was The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes (1902) followed by The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes (1894), The Return Of Sherlock Holmes (1904), His Last Bow (1917), and The Casebook Of Sherlock Holmes (1927).
Conan Doyle’s other publications include plays, verse, memoirs, short stories, and several historical novels and supernatural and speculative fiction.
His stories have been translated into more than fifty languages, and made into plays, films, radio and television series, a musical comedy, a ballet, cartoons, comic books, and advertisements.
Sherlock Holmes novels will have sequels: the author chosen for the famous detective’s re-birth is Anthony Horowitz (1956), English novelist and screenwriter, who has written over fifty books, including many children’s novels such as The Power of Five, Alex Rider and The Diamond Brothers series. He has also written extensively for television, adapting many of Agatha Christie’s Hercule Poirot novels for the ITV series. He is the creator and writer of the ITV series Foyle’s War, Midsomer Murders and Collision.