the bards

the bards, rock stars of Celtic times
The Bards were celebrated like rock-stars, they were rich and famous. True bards knew about 360 poems by heart (a memoria) . How could they learn them? They had to (must al passato, dovevano) lie (stay, rimanere sdraiati) on the floor with a rock on their stomach and a blanket (coperta) on their face and repeat the poems. The bards told verses in the villages during festivals or ceremonies. They had a metal branch (bough, ramo) with some bells (campanellini) The branch was made of brass (ottone), of silver or of gold. Their clothes were quite original, too. They usually wore a mantle with feathers (piume), duck feathers. The most famous poets wore the head of a swan (cigno) on their shoulders because the swan represented the unity of body and soul (anima). During Celtic festivals there were also singers called ‘parasites’ – word that means companions in Celtic language. They sang before the assembly.

la fiaba…non solo per i bambini
Fairy tales belong to our unconscious: we like thinking about a happy ending and a joyful future…the curiosity and the emotion William and Kate have aroused (hanno risvegliato), witness the need of fancying and dreaming. England is the homeland (patria) of this genre, erroneously thought for-children-only and sometimes considered inadequate for educated, grown up people (adulti). Examples? Most of anthologies mention all of them in few lines or even just supply (forniscono) a list of the main titles and authors. The history of story telling started long time ago, in Celtic times. The Druids, Celtic wise (saggi) men, were the only ones who could read and write. They were divided into three categories: the Ovates were future tellers (coloro che predicono il future), the Druids were teachers, ambassadors, astronomers, musicians, judges (giudici)and priests, and the Bards protected and transmitted the tradition of the tribe telling stories and poems.

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