Norman Mailer. author, journalist (born Nachem Malek; 1923–2007) was born on January 31, son of a South – African Jewish émigré was an excellent student – he was just 16 when he started attending Harvard University for aeronautical engineering. He soon discovered his passion for literature. After graduating from Harvard in 1943, he joined the U.S. Army and was sent to the Philippines and then to Japan. These experiences are told in the semi-autobiographical book, the The Naked and the Dead, at the age of 25.
He published more than 30 books – novels, biographies and works of non-fiction, and won two the Pulitzer Prizes for The Armies of the Night (1968) and The Executioner’s Song (1979). In 1955, Mailer founded The Village Voice newspaper, together with his friends Daniel Wolf and Edwin Fancher. His following novels were An American Dream (1965), Why Are We in Vietnam? (1967), The Armies of the Night (1968) – a biography of Marilyn (1973) Marilyn, in which he claimed that Monroe had been murdered by the FBI and CIA because of her affair with Robert Kennedy; Ancient Evenings (1983); Tough Guys Don’t Dance (1984; and Harlot’s Ghost (1991), about the CIA. Mailer’s remarkable essay collections include The Presidential Papers (1963) and Cannibals and Christians (1966); in 1995, he published Oswald’s Tale, a portrayal of President John F. Kennedy’s assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald. Mailer’s last novel, The Castle in the Forest (2007), about Adolf Hitler’s childhood, received high critical and public acclaim and he died while working on its sequel later that same year.