Grate Garbo – Greta Lovisa Gustafsson was born in Stockholm, Sweden on September 18, 1905. At 14, after her father’s death, she was forced to (fu obbligata) leave school and go to work in a department store (grande magazzino). There she was chosen (fu scelta) to appear in an advertising (pubblicità) film. It was the beginning of her carrier as an actress. Erik A. Petschler, a comedy director, saw her and gave her small parts in films. Greta won a scholarship (borsa di studio) in a Swedish drama school and appeared in two films, En lyckoriddare (A Gay cavalier, Il cavaliere contento, 1921) and Luffarpetter (Peter the tramp, Peter il barbone, 1922). Soon Mauritz Stiller chose her for the leading role (ruolo principale) in The Saga of Gosta Berling (La leggenda di Gosta Berlings 1924). She was 18. She and Stiller were offered contracts in the US: the first film was Torrent (1926), a silent film (film muto) followed by The Temptress ( La tentatrice, 1926), Anna Karenina (1927), The divine Woman (1928) and Anna Christie (1930), her first “talkie”. The role that led her to success and fame was in Susan Lenox (La Cortigiana, 1931) with Clark Gable, followed by other exciting parts as a protagonist: the spy in Mata Hari (1931), the Russian ballerina in Grand Hotel (1932), the Queen in Queen Christina , the heiress (eroina) in Leon Tolstoy’s Anna Karenina (1935), the doomed courtesan (la cortigiana dal destino segnato) in Camille (1936) and a brilliant Russian spy in Ninotchka (1939), a comedy. Two years later she made her last film Two Faced Woman (Non tradirmi con me, 1941), another comedy. After World War II, Greta, confessed that she wanted to retire (ritirarsi) because the world had changed forever: she abandoned Hollywood and moved to New York City where she started spending time gardening flowers and vegetables (facendo giardinaggio e coltivando al terra). In 1954, Greta was given a special Oscar and in 1990 she wrote her biography. In the same year she died for natural causes leaving behind her myth(mito).