Scott Frederick Turow (1949) American from a family of Russian Jewish descent, graduated from Amherst College in 1970, and received an Edith Mirrielees Fellowship to the Stanford University Creative Writing Center. In 1975 he entered Harvard Law School and in 1977 Turow wrote One L, about his first year at law school. The following year he became an Assistant U.S. Attorney in Chicago, where prosecuted several high-profile corruption cases. When he left the U.S. Attorney’s office, Turow started his carrier as a novelist which includes bestsellers like Presumed Innocent, The Burden of Proof, Pleading Guilty, and Personal Injuries, a seuel of Presumed Innocent , named Best Fiction Novel of 1999 by Time magazine. His non-fiction work Ultimate Punishment also received the Robert F. Kennedy Center for Justice and Human Rights 2003 Book award given annually to a novelist who show their concern for the poor and the powerless. Most of his books have been adapted into films: Presumed Innocent directed by 1990 starring Harrison Ford; The Burden of Proof (1992) a TV miniseries; Reversible Errors, 2004 directed by Mike Robe starring Tom Selleck and Innocent (2011) a TV drama directed by Mike Robe, starring Alfred Molina.