a christmas carol – plot

American literature supplies the reader with figure which seems to be caricatures of the first colonies and of the natives. But also English literature – in the early 1800s – describes characters as representatives of human virtues and vices. One of the author that mainly created characters
Ebenezer Scrooge, a selfish, old man, does not love Christmas and his atmosphere. His clerk (= impiegato), Bob Cratchit, trembles ( trema) in because Scrooge does not spend money for a fire (= camino) . Scrooge’s nephew (= nipote di zio), Fred, invites him to his annual Christmas party, but he refuses to go. Two gentlemen also ask Scrooge for some money for the poor and he refuses.
But when he comes back to his dark, cold house , Scrooge receives the visit of a ghost: his dead partner, Jacob Marley, a greedy (= avido) and selfish man like him, has been condemned to go around the Earth in chains (= catene). Marley tells Scrooge that three spirits will visit him during the three following nights and then disappears.
The first ghost who comes is the Ghost of Christmas Past, a strange childlike phantom who shows Scrooge his past Christmases. Scrooge revisits his childhood school days, his apprenticeship (= apprendistato), and his engagement to Belle. Bella left Scrooge because he was too selfish and greedy. Scrooge cries and goes back to bed.
The Ghost of Christmas Present, shows Scrooge London in that period and takes him to see Cratchit family. Scrooge discovers that Bob Cratchit’s son, Tiny Tim, is ill. Then the spirit takes him to his nephew’s. At the end of the day, the spirit vanishes and Scrooge sees another one coming toward him: the Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come. He takes Scrooge to the tomb of an unknown man. Scrooge asks the name of the dead man and is shocked: on the grave (= tomba) he sees his name. the ghost disappears while Scrooge is asking him for help.
The following day scrooge wakes up a new man: he sends a giant Christmas turkey (= tacchino) to Cratchit and goes to Fred’s party. During the year he treats Tiny Tim as if he were his own child, helps for the poor, and starts treating everybody (= inizia a trattare tutti) with kindness (= gentilezza) and warm generosity (= calda generosità).

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