Brave New World is a novel written in 1931 by Aldous Huxley and published in 1932.Huxley then wrote Brave New World Revisited (1958), and Island (1962), his final novel.
Title – Brave New World’s title derives from Miranda’s speech in William Shakespeare’s The Tempest, Act V, Scene I:
How many godly creatures are there here!
How beauteous mankind is! O brave new world,
That has such people in’t.
—William Shakespeare, The Tempest, Act V, Scene I, ll. 203–206
This line itself is ironic: Miranda spent most of her life on an isolated island, and the only people she ever knew were her father and his servants, an enslaved savage, and spirits, notably Ariel. When she sees other people for the first time, she is overcome with excitement, and says the famous line above. Translations of the title often allude to similar expressions used in domestic works of literature in an attempt to capture the same irony: the French edition of the work is entitled Le Meilleur des mondes (“The Best of All Worlds”), an allusion to an expression used by the philosopher Gottfried Leibniz and satirised in Candide, Ou l’Optimisme by Voltaire (1759).