oscar wilde (1854 – 1900)


o-wilde (PDF); wilde and his societyDandyBamberg University English Drama Groupaestethicismwilde, rice,link
worksAn Ideal Husband; Commentary (picture);  wildeIl Ritratto di Dorian GrayThe Picture of Dorian Graythe picture of dorian gray, o. wildelettura su earnest
passages: Passage from The Importance of Being Earnestpassages – the picture

1854 Oscar Wilde was born in Dublin of a wealthy family (his father was a surgeon, his mother a novelist).
1874 He studies at the Magdalen College in Oxford.
1881 His first work appears “Poems”
1882 He performs a series of lectures in the U.S.A. dealing with aestheticism and
pre-raphaelitism. Then Wilde settles in Paris where he brings to an end the romantic drama “The Duchess of Padua”
1884 He marries Constance Lloyd and has two children.
1887-89 The writer takes care of The woman’s World, a periodical that publishes some poems named “Fantasies Decoratives”. Meanwhile “Lord Saville’s Crime” and “The Canterville Ghost” are published on several magazines.
1888 A collection of illustrated fables full of musicality “The Happy
Prince and other Tales” is edited
1889 Oscar Wilde publishes critical essays like “The Decay of Lying “, “Pencil and Poison” and “The Portrait of Mr. W. H.”, a fanciful reconstruction of Shakespeare’s personality.
1890 “The Soul of Man under Socialism” is published: Oscar Wilde writes abou his theory that considers Socialism as a means to reach individualism.
1891 He writes “The House of Pomegrates”, another series of fairy tales. His first novel “The Picture of Dorian Gray” is published.
1892 Wilde starts his fortunate series of comedies influenced by the elegance of the Restauration theatre and the contemporary French drama with”Lady Windermere’s Fan”
1893 Other two comedies are successfully performed, “A Woman of No Importance”and “An Ideal Husband” while the author does not obtain the permission tobring on the stage “Salomè” written in French for Sarah Bernhardtand later represented in Paris.
1895 “The Importance of Being Earnest”, a perfect fusion of subject and style. In the same year, the catastrophe falls on him: the Marquise of Queensberry( father of Lord Alfred Douglas, whose nickname was Bosie),accuses him of homosexual practices: Wilde loses and is condemned to twoyears’ imprisonment. In the jail of Reading he writes “De Profundis”
1898 He writes the poem “The Ballad of the Reading Jail” about his period in prison. In it Wilde shows an intimate sympathy for the outcasts.
1900 He dies in Paris.

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