george bernard shaw (1856 – 1950)


g.b.shaw, pigmalioneg.b.shaw, pygmalion
1856: G. B. Shaw was born in Dublin. Very soon he acquires a knowledge of music that later will qualify him as a music critic.
1876: He goes to London with his mother and his sister
1879: Shaw starts to write novels and joins the Zetetetical Society, a discussion club.
1884: The writer creates the Fabian Society that wants to spread socialist ideas with lectures and tracts, trusting in a political education and not in a revolution.
1885: The writer starts his career as an art critic and then as a music critic under the pseudonym of “Corno di Bassetto”. Then he writes for The Saturday Review as a dramatic critic and his initials G. B. S. become famous.
1891: He publishes a study on Ibsen’s ideas The Quintessence of Ibsenism.
1892: Shaw makes his debut as a playwright with Widowers’ Houses, about the problem of slum landlordism.
1898 The playwright publishes two collections of comedies: The Pleasant Plays and The unpleasant Plays.
The first group comprehends: Arms and the Man, against war and heroism; Candida, on women’s freedom, The Man of Destiny, on the myth of Napoleon; You never can tell, on family life and parental authority.
In the second group there are, besides Widowers’ Houses: Mrs. Warren’s Profession, on prostitution; The Philander, on forced matches.
In this same year he gets married.
1901: Shaw writes Plays for Puritans (Caesar and Cleopatra; The Devil’s Disciple and captain Brassbound’s Conversion) followed by 47 other comedies, all of them about different social problems. In this period G. B. Shaw becomes famous and feared because he expresses the evil of the Victorian society.
Among his most famous plays are. Major Barbara, where poverty is paradoxically denounced as a crime; Pygmalion; Saint Joan, an historical drama about the maid of Orlèans, Back to Methuselah, a Metabiological Pantateuch, in which the writer shows his ideas about the evolution of Man and Man and Superman, a reversed story of Don Juan
1925: Shaw gets the Nobel Prize for Literature.
1950: he dies, leaving behind him about a quarter of a million letters and postcards.

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